Water Infrastructure

General information


The Republic of Kosovo has a central geographical position on the Balkan Peninsula, ie it belongs to the territory of south-eastern Europe (Western Balkans). It has an area of ​​10 905, 25 km2, a population density of 164 inhabitants per km2, and lies between the latitude 41 ° 50’58 “and 43 ° 51’42” north latitude and 20 ° 01’30 “and 21 ° 48’02 ”of eastern longitude. It borders Albania (112 kmˈ), Montenegro (77 kmˈ), Serbia (352 kmˈ) and Macedonia (161 kmˈ). The average annual temperature is 10ºC, and the average annual precipitation is 596 mm. The highest peak is Gjeravica (2656 m), while the lowest is (252 m) above sea level. The total length of Kosovo’s border with neighboring countries is about 700.7 km. Hydrographically, the territory of the Republic of Kosovo is divided into five river basins which discharge water into three seas: the Adriatic Sea, the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea. The highest act for the management of water resources in the territory of the Republic of Kosovo is the Constitution of Kosovo (Article 122), and the Law on Waters of Kosovo No.04 / L-147, states in Article 1: “Water resources are assets with general interest and property of the Republic of Kosovo that are protected and protected by law.” Water resources are key factors for the economic and social development of the country. It is estimated that Kosovo has 1600 m3  year  per capita. Integrated water resource management requires a broad database of water-related data and information. In general terms, our knowledge of water use is highly uncertain, largely due to extreme fragmentation of water use and modification of water quality after a specific use. The information needed to evaluate water resources consists of all kinds of variables required to close the water balance at different scales (country, transboundary basin, region and beyond), such as: time series of rivers, water levels in lakes, groundwater overview, and hydrological variables such as air temperature, evaporation, soil moisture, etc. In this regard, a key issue for sound scientific management of water is the state of transferring data from public and private institutions to academic institutions and institutes to analyze and model them in accordance with rational and conceptual use, their integrated management.


Specific data


UBT-Institution of Higher Education, among other things, pays special attention to cooperation, coordination, etc., with all public, private institutions and the business community to facilitate, provide professional advice and guidance, and contribute in harmony with the right to equal access to quality and sufficient water for the whole community, in line with the integrated concept of integrated water resource management as outlined in EU Directive 2000/60, in compliance with the fulfillment of provisions of Chapter 27. In this perspective it is paid a particular attention to Environment related to European integration process, Millennium Goals, INSPIRE directives, Water Information System Guide 9 (GIS data) etc. In this regard, UBT has been, is and continues to be, involved in all water resource issues and challenges with the sole purpose of providing the experience, experience and professionalism to answer (select and resolve) issues and issues. challenges related to water resources nationwide and beyond.


Within its scope, UBT now has several cooperation agreements with central and local public institutions to support them in addressing the challenges they have in planning, implementing, designing, monitoring, etc. of water resources.


UBT also has cooperation agreements with higher education institutions at the local, regional, European and wider level to collaborate and coordinate actions related to research, research and innovation as well as the preparation and implementation of projects funded by funds. of the EU for the development of higher education in the Western Balkan countries etc. UBT has managed to organize forums, debates, seminars and workshops that discuss issues and challenges for the environment in general and in particular for water resources, their utilization and rational management.


Best practices of UBT cooperation


  • Project Partner and Implementer (ERASMUS +);
  • Mobility (staff, students);
  • Development Strategies and Plans (public and private institutions);
  • Dozens of collaboration memos (with institutions and the business community at home and abroad);
  • What UBT Offers for the Water Sector
  • Mutual partnership and cooperation;
  • Education (study, research, research and innovation) at the level of higher education (bachelor, master) in the water engineering specialty;
  • Professionalism and expertise;
  • Solutions and solutions to issues and challenges facing the water sector;
  • Design, Implementation, Monitoring of Water Sector Projects;
  • Management training, database and software application in this field;
  • Cooperation in the preparation of project ideas, implementation projects and their implementation;
  • Preparation of documentation for local and international funding applications with project ideas related to the water sector