The share of independent work is about 55% of the total student workload and that includes reading, research work depending on the subjects. The share of active work (lectures and seminars) is also given prominent importance (45%). The common approach is to have a lecture per week and two exercises per courses. Depending on the pedagogical approach certain units may require more directed learning. In many courses students are required to work through a certain amount of compulsory readings, usually 15-20 pages per seminar. In addition written assignments in the form of 1-2 page reflection paper, 5-7 page essays or up to 15 page research papers must be prepared. Independent work also includes teamwork assignments..
The learning activities in theoretical component of the course of education are organized to support the subject and the competences the student must explore and develop. Education and study methods comprise a broad range of activities varying between: lectures, student presentations, theoretical exercises and assignments, dialogue-based and discussion-based education, case-based education, training in skills lab, authentic patient/citizen contacts through patient organizations. as well as project-based education including presentation and communication of result and product; counseling in connection with individual and common assignments also including projects; different types of virtual learning facilities; reading and study groups.