The Mission of the Electrical Energy and Energy Markets Department is:
The educational, scientific research, professional, and publishing activities, as well as professional administrative services, of the Energy Engineering department are founded upon the following values:
Labour Market Research
After the conflict of 1999, the domestic power generation has not been able to meet the demand for electricity in Kosovo. Kosovo has been a net importer of electricity in the past decade 2000-2010 – with about 10 % of electricity consumption coming from imports. About 97 percent of power generation capacity is located in two lignite fired thermo-power plants. Energy has been identified as a key national priority for the Government and largely focuses on preparation for private investments in developing a new thermo-power plant, development of a new hydropower plant in Zhur, major investments in upgrading the power transmission system and developing the legal framework for renewable energy production.
The major challenges facing the energy sector in Kosovo are: development of energy infrastructure, facilitation of timely investments in energy supply, development of innovative financing schemes for capital investments and application of cost-reflective energy prices. Improving the energy security and supply implies, among others, to promote diversity, efficiency and flexibility within the sector. The distribution system needs large sums of capital investments in order to minimize the existing losses in the system of electricity distribution. Additionally, Kosovo institutions have been slow at liberalizing the energy sector.
Kosovo energy strategy also recognizes the potential for renewable energy development. The goal is to create a friendly environment for private investment in the sector that focuses on hydropower, wing energy, geothermal energy, biomass and gas from processing of urban and rural waste. Around 3% of total energy production came from renewable energy sources. However, the potential for development of renewable sources is considered as high especially in electricity and heat generation from biogas, biomass and solar energy, hydropower generation from small plans and power generation from wind. The government has committed to work towards reaching the targets set out for use of renewable energy sources in the EU Directives.
The current level of energy efficiency in Kosovo is low, and it is entirely realistic to aim an increase of 20% in EE by 2020. “Kosova e Re” Power Plant will result with an increase of energy efficiency in generation of nearly 5%, as a result of modern technologies used in the plant, compared to TPP Kosovo A and TPP Kosovo B. The highest potential for EE improvement is in heating and electricity generation, where the current use efficiency is much under that determined by EU relevant directives and current technological standards in the EU on furnaces and small heating equipment. For home appliances there is a possibility to increase the EE average for up to 100%, whereas the current thermal energy generation can improve for up to 40% with new lignite combustion generation technologies. Further improvements can be achieved by introducing cogeneration of electricity and heating
As signatory parties of the Energy Community Treaty (ECT), Kosovo is member of the EnCT Task Force on Energy Efficiency (TF EE). Under guidance of TF EE, Ministry of Economic Development (MED) has developed the First National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP). The Law on Energy Efficiency, No. 04/L-016, 22.07.2011, provides for the creation of the Energy Efficiency Agency.
According to a World Bank study, the application of insulation materials and double glassed windows would bring a reduction of energy consumption for heating up to an estimated 35% in individual households. Kosovo wide, this would bring potential savings of heating to 500-600 GWh/year, around 12 – 14% of the current demand for heating. Three most promising energy savings projects identified by the World Bank study for the Heating Market42 are: (1) New windows for 65% of hospitals and healthcare centers; (2) New windows for 85% of schools; and (3) New windows for 10% of apartment buildings of over three stories (built between 1960 and 1998).
The major challenges in energy efficiency in Kosovo are: incomplete legal and regulatory framework for promoting energy efficiency, the need to functionalize the institutional structure of the Energy Efficiency Agency, absence of comprehensive data systems – setting up energy data gathering and reporting systems consistent with those of EUROSTAT is an EU accession requirement, lack of incentives – Incentives can help to overcome barriers to entering the market, for example, through special programs offering financial or technical support, or even temporary exemptions from standard administrative procedures, lack of public awareness and lack of education and professional know-how.
Goals and Objectives
UBT is the partner of the ELEMEND (Electrical Energy Markets and Engineering Education) project. The aim of the project is to provide, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro and Kosovo with high profile professionals in intelligent microgrid technologies and emerging electrical energy markets in line with societal and market needs in the Western Balkans. Capacity building in engineering academic staff and students as well as in the general public (through dissemination activities) will create a favorable environment for energy related business and will modify the electricity user’s behavior.
The main goals and objectives of the Electrical Energy and Electricity market master program are:
Creating the possibility for people with different backgrounds and trainings to get advanced in Electrical Energy and Smart Grids that can initiate new working fields and job opportunities.
Providing a support for gaining the necessary knowledge and experience in order to generate new positions and perspectives for the subject; thus introducing and teaching the beneficial methods for using, managing and producing the clean Electrical Energy.
To nurture and train experts, who is aware of the contemporary technologies in Electrical Energy and yet, who can grasp and follow the future developments within the field.
To emphasize the significance and potentials of the methods and Technologies used in various levels of formation and usage of clean and renewable energies for a sustainable development, thus to train experts within these fields.
To create manpower, who besides having the capability to work on different ways of treating and applying energy resources, can also generate wider perspectives and innovative solutions to investigate issues regarding the potentiality of energy resources of the country.
To become a significant example not only for the institution but also for the whole country in promoting and establishing such interdisciplinary post graduate and advanced study programs, which have growing reputation and widespread acceptance worldwide.
On completion of the programme, the student will be able to:
Apply critically the main theories, models and concepts used in the study of Electrical Energy and Smart Grids, and analysis of the impact of international organizations, including the EU, on domestic policy and policy making
Demonstrate understanding of the main debates in the academic literature concerning energy engineering, smart grids, renewables, solar energy, thermal energy, environmental impact of energy, biomass and the impact of international organizations on domestic policy and policy making
Demonstrate substantive knowledge of national policy processes and policies in key policy domains, theory and research in sustainable engineering, and how international organizations affect domestic policy and policy-making processes
Undertake independent applied projects in Electrical Energy and Smart Grids
Apply critically the main theories, models and concepts used in the study of energy policy and managemenet
Demonstrate understanding of the main debates in the academic literature concerning electrcal energy, smart grids, energy in built environment, energy efficiency and sustainable energy production
The ability to make professional written and oral communication presentations
The ability to plan and produce written assignments involving complex energy engineering concepts and methods
The ability to pursue further independent research and practice in smart grids, and sustainable energy engineering and environment.