First of foremost, the course of the study is mainly focused and based on the best practices such as research, development and that reflect the latest trends in this field, including changes in the types of disease and the percentage of the population and the function and priorities of the system. The nurse contributes to the fulfillment of objectives in the public health sector in the health care system and the social system. A specific and particular aspect of nursing includes the care towards the elderly people, the treatment of patients and citizens in order to enable and create them the opportunities to them to cope with life with illness or under the threat of illness. Kosovo has 837 interns in the field of dentistry, 385 of who work in the public sector while the rest of 447 work at private dental clinics. Presumably, compared to the countries of the region Kosovo and Albania continue be positioned below the minimum standards set and determined by the World Health Organization (1: 1250). Data from the Eurostat Report (2016) show that Kosovo should double the number of dentists specialists in order to be in line with the country’s positioning and EU countries.
Indeed there is an immediate demand to carry out interventions in the field of dentistry in the public sector which has been subject to sustainable growth in recent years, as is shown by the latest Health Statistics report of the Kosovo Statistical Agency (2017). Meanwhile, the number of dentists both in the field of specialists and practitioners has remained the same over the years; the need for dental services has increased by an average of 6% per annum from 2010 to 2016. Kosovo has tried to overcome the extent of public dental interventions through an active private sector. According to the Kosovo Agency of Statistics, 1187 private clinics in Kosovo and 62% mostly provide dental services.
The Labor Force Survey (2016) shows that there are 22,167 people working in the category of ‘Health Services’ employment. Further analysis of Meta data reveals that 17.6% of them (3870) are engaged in dentistry series. When analyzed according to the qualification level, they are mainly with upper secondary education (2318), followed by those with lower secondary education (836). The Ministry of Health and the Chamber of Dentists of Kosovo have given priority to the need to continue with their qualifications and further improvement of the existing capacities at the University of Prishtina. In addition, also to overcome the obstacles those have been pointed out in these processes.
The market which is related to the field and science of dentistry is shaped by the constant changes in the political, economic, social and demographic aspect. In this perspective, the government of Kosovo together with the support of a wide range of partners has undertaken numerous reforms in the health sector. The 2016-2021 Governmental Plans and the National Development Strategy 2016-2021 strongly emphasize the need to carry out health reform so that health services become more economically affordable and closer to the citizens. Whereas the government has continuously raised funds for others in the area of public policy. However, health care has not received its share of attention and funding. A health insurance law has been proposed by the Government in 2015 and is in the process of finalization. Obviously many domestic and international health insurance companies have expanded their services, but the influence of government on the healthcare sector is still strong.
Kosovo citizens have already boosted their demands for improving the quality in health services. Their satisfaction with health services in recent years has been very low (UNDP, 2015). This can best be explained by the growing tendency to seek out health care services abroad at a value of 65 million Euros a year, mainly in Macedonia, Turkey and Western Europe. Nevertheless, it’s worth pointing out that private health care services have existed in Kosovo since the past two decades, but only a few large clinics have resulted to be successful. The majority vast majority of private health care services are also provided by general practitioners of individual medicine. Kosovo’s demand for more specialized and quality services in health care can be explained by the fact that there is growing awareness of the importance of preventing diseases through health care. It’s worth mentioning that a large number of Kosovo citizens have been seeking services in recent years and this is partly owing to the demographic position and continuous development.
Therefore, Kosovo needs to double the existing number of nurses in order to align with regional mediums and triple it in order to attain the EU-averaged average. The demand for dental skills is also fostered by three important demographic factors: the number of people will continue to grow by a large percentage by 2021. According to a scrutiny and a subtle analysis, it has been drawn a conclusion that approximately around 200 medical technicians, including dentists, have migrated to Western European countries where the demand for dentists’ services is high. The requirements for EU Co-operation Work 2014-2020 reveal that the EU 28 will need 200,000 other medical technicians by 2020.