UBT Nursing Teaching and Learning Methodology
There are two models of nurse education internationally, that is the generic and specialist model. UBT has adopted a generic model to prepare students for generic practice for multiple client groups in varied settings. A review of models of initial training and pathways identfies globally the generic model as the rule. While the areas of concentration may be generic, a consesus has emerged in Europe about the need to ensure minimum standards in the profession. The EU Directive EC 2005/36 and EU Directive EP 2013 provide the basic and minimum standards of the profession in EU. Kosovo has not yet consolidated a Nursing Competence Framework nor the legal basis to ensure that minimum standards are being followed. The newly proposed law on Regulated Professions outlines the need to regulate the nursing professsion and provide coordination points to oversee the implementation of nursing profession standards.
While awaiting further institutional developments, UBT has adopted the EU Directive minimum standards of the profession to both ensure future student mobility and ensure that students meet the competency frameworks of advanced countries in nursing practice. According to EU Directive EC 2005/36, The training of nurses responsible for general care shall comprise a total of at least three years of study, which may in addition be expressed with the equivalent ECTS credits, and shall consist of at least 4 600 hours of theoretical and clinical training, the duration of the theoretical training representing at least one third and the duration of the clinical training at least one half of the minimum duration of the training.
The Directive defines theoritical instruction as “Theoretical education is that part of nurse training from which trainee nurses acquire the professional knowledge, skills and competences .The training shall be given by teachers of nursing care and by other competent persons, at universities, higher education institutions of a level recognised as equivalent or at vocational schools or through vocational training programmes for nursing“. The practical part of the programme as defined by the EU Directive is „Clinical training is that part of nurse training in which trainee nurses learn, as part of a team and in direct contact with a healthy or sick individual and/or community, to organise, dispense and evaluate the required comprehensive nursing care, on the basis of the knowledge, skills and competences which they have acquired. The trainee nurse shall learn not only how to work in a team, but also how to lead a team and organise overall nursing care, including health education for individuals and small groups, within health institutes or in the community.
The UBT curriculum generally adheres to the EC Directive and meets the minimum theoritical/practical ratio defined therein (seee Table below).
|Total||Clinical Practice||Theoretical instruction||Total Hours|
EU Directive Minimum
The learning activities in theoretical component of the course of education are organized to support the subject and the competences the student must explore and develop. Education and study methods comprise a broad range of activities varying between: lectures, student presentations, theoretical exercises and assignments, dialogue-based and discussion-based education, case-based education, training in skills lab, authentic patient/citizen contacts through patient organizations. as well as project-based education including presentation and communication of result and product; counseling in connection with individual and common assignments also including projects; different types of virtual learning facilities; reading and study groups.